At Atlas Shrugs, Pamela Geller quotes from a New York Times article: The Gift of Reconciliation. which is off to a great start with its headline. Exactly how can anyone establish cordial relations between predator and prey? The lion will eat the lamb, not cuddle up to it.Geller cites several relevant ayat & ahadith before bringing up other quotes which display the true nature of the Imam. I will leave that to her. Lets get right to the money quote.
What is the basis for that perception? Is it accurate or erroneous? Perhaps Allah's word will have some clues for us. [Emphasis added, links to Noble Qur'an trans. Hilali & Khan for context. For alternative translations, search at http://www.quranbrowser.com/ ]
The relationship between Muslims and disbelievers is established: enmity, hostility & hatred. How intense is it?
So, they curse us, big deal. Will they do anything more effectual?
Allah commands them to wage war against us. Is that a metaphor or parable, merely part of a social narrative or something more? Perhaps the exegetes have some guidance for us.
Tafsir Ibn Kathir interprets it as an order to fight. Maybe we need to consult earlier tafsirs.
[Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs]
Jalalayn & Abbas give us details about everything except the point of interest. :Lets turn to a more modern scholar.
Maududi seems to confirm the obvious: 9:29 is an order to wage war against Jews & Christians. What did Moe say on this subject?
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle said, "I have been ordered to fight the people till they say: 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.' And if they say so, pray like our prayers, face our Qibla and slaughter as we slaughter, then their blood and property will be sacred to us and we will not interfere with them except legally and their reckoning will be with Allah." Narrated Maimun ibn Siyah that he asked Anas bin Malik, "O Abu Hamza! What makes the life and property of a person sacred?" He replied, "Whoever says, 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah', faces our Qibla during the prayers, prays like us and eats our slaughtered animal, then he is a Muslim, and has got the same rights and obligations as other Muslims have."
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah 's Apostle said, " I have been ordered to fight with the people till they say, 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah,' and whoever says, 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah,' his life and property will be saved by me except for Islamic law, and his accounts will be with Allah, (either to punish him or to forgive him.)"
Moe said that he was ordered or commanded to fight; what further confirmation is required? The Ulema based Shari'ah on the words and works of Allah & Moe. Our final recourse is to Shari'ah. We'll start with Shafi'ite Fiqh, Reliance of the Traveller.
o9.8: The Objectives of Jihad
The caliph (o25) makes war upon Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians (N: provided he has first invited them to enter Islam in faith and practice, and if they will not, then invited them to enter the social order of Islam by paying the non-Muslim poll tax (jizya, def: o11.4) -which is the significance of their paying it, not the money itself-while remaining in their ancestral religions) (O: and the war continues) until they become Muslim or else pay the non-Muslim poll tax (O: in accordance with the word of Allah Most High,
"Fight those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and who forbid not what Allah and His messenger have forbidden-who do not practice the religion of truth, being of those who have been given the Book-until they pay the poll tax out of hand and are humbled" (Koran 9.29), [...]
The caliph makes war on Jews, Christians & Zoroastrians, on the basis of Surah At-Taubah 29; can there be any clearer confirmation of the obvious? But have we excluded the possibility that the war is defensive? We turn next to Hanifi Fiqh found in Al-Hedaya Vol. II, Book IX, Chapter II, page 141 for the answer.
That confirms the fact that jihad is undertaken on Islamic initiative, it is offensive, not defensive. Surah At-Taubah 29 is outcome oriented, it has neither geographic nor chronological limits. Could it be an anachronism, an out dated historical artifact? Moe made it clear for us in two hadith.
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him; but the tree Gharqad would not say, for it is the tree of the Jews.